Wednesday, January 15, 2020
1. New strategies for new times The changed economic conditions are affecting consumer behavior and attitudes. Can the marketing strategies based on the understanding of the consumers in the prosperous times still hold water now? Consumers are changing their behavior in several different ways and various underlying attitudes and values govern these changes. It is critical for us to re-look at the consumer and refresh our understanding to fine tune the marketing strategies. 2. Segment and decide Not all the consumers react to the environmental changes in the same way. Different consumers have different reactions to the financial challenge Ã¢â¬â ranging from an extreme tightening of the purse-strings, to a nonchalant continuation of the current indulgences. Tightening may be reflected in different tangible and psychological ways. Manufacturers also need to offer a range of different solutions and propositions to meet these changes in behavior. Additionally, different consumer segments may be affected to different extent Ã¢â¬â and growth may vary from segment to segment. In luxury goods, for example, connoisseurship and indulgence segments may grow more as compared to the pure status segment, as these consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ relationship with luxury segments is not only emotional but also very tangible. 3. Find new pastures In these times, growth may be easier to come about through geographical expansion, than competitive fight in the current markets. The impact of the slowdown is more pronounced in larger cities Ã¢â¬â though the smaller towns and villages are also affected if they relied on export based industries. Hence while growth may be challenged in the larger cities, it may be a good time to set forth and explore new markets in county towns, townships and villages. These are the markets which are growing at a faster pace and offer greater return for investments. 4. Emphasize value Ã¢â¬â re look at your brand portfolio It does not take rocket science to conclude that in these times the consumers will look for value. The challenge is to offer value without compromising the image. There are different strategies to deliver value Ã¢â¬â some are appropriate and some ill-advised Ã¢â¬â some will damage the brand equity permanently, some will keep the image intact but still help adjust to the times. Research shows that direct price reductions are likely to damage more than temporary discounts and decreasing pack sizes more harmful that increasing pack size at the same price. 5. Look at your distribution channels A strained economic situation not only changes the consumer, but also changes the shopper. Consumers are normally more attached to the brand than the retail store, hence their first choice is not to change the brand, but try to locate the same brand at a cheaper price at another store. With more time at hand and greater incentive to economize, more consumers are likely to shop at hyper markets than the more ubiquitous but pricier supermarkets and convenience stores. The search for value and bargains will also turn the shoppers to internet shoppingÃ¢â¬âthe only channel that will grow even faster than hypermarkets. 6. Help the consumer Ã¢â¬â teach her, train her, comfort and reassure her. Research indicates that Chinese consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ response to the economic challenge is cerebral. When opportunities are fewer and the competition more fierce the Chinese consumers will want to further enhance their skills and knowledge. Clearly it is very good news for companies teaching English or computer programming. But the opportunity is not confined to these firms Ã¢â¬â the FMCG industry could also take a more educative communication stance Ã¢â¬â wine makers could try to educate the consumers about appreciating fine wines, cosmetic companies could offer lessons on skin care and food companies could coach on diet and nutrition. 7. Family, home and security When the going gets tough, the consumers tend to take comfort at home and in the arms of the loved ones. Recession is the ideal time to catch up with friends, take the children to the park and visit the parents, and in the process enjoy emotional warmth to compensate for the coldness of the economic climate. The children are likely to pay a heavy price for this, with parents having more time and inclination as well as a renewed determination to help their children with their studies. This offers opportunities to promote in-home consumption, rather than out of home consumption Ã¢â¬â which in many categories such as alcohol, is much more expensive. 8. Communication It is not just the product but also the message which needs to reflect the current consumer mind. The communication messages of today needs to reflect sentiments of care and protection, rational and considered behavior and performance and value these tones of communication, which always appealed to the Chinese consumers, are likely to find even greater resonance in these times. 9. Go digital For the largest internet population in the world, internet has so far been a tool of entertainment and information Ã¢â¬â less so a tool for commerce. However the initial barriers are being overcome and consumers are discovering the joys of internet shopping. The attributes consumer associate with internet shopping are variety, enables detailed evaluation and comparisons and competitive prices. These are the attributes the consumer will be looking in the times of economic slowdown. 10. Keep a permanent hand on the pulse of the consumer These are dynamic times. Things are changing at a phenomenal pace. As a result, so is the consumer mood and sentiment, which will have an effect on her decision making and the brands and products that she buys. If marketers donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel her pulse all the time, they could go wrong. One cannot just listen to the consumer once a year Ã¢â¬â marketers need to put their ears firmly on the ground and listen to every change of beat, every nuance of the consumer mood and continue to fine tune the strategy.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Are You, Guilty by Suspicion? (Movie Review) nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The movie Guilty by Suspicion was not your average Ã¢â¬Å"action-packedÃ¢â¬ Matrix. In this movie, David Merrill (played by Robert DeNiro,) is a successful director. Everything seems to be fine, until his past starts catching up with him. Now heÃ¢â¬â¢s wanted for possibly being a Communist. As boring as this would sound to the average teenager, I actually liked it. Take for example the scene where he first sees his son. He gave him a brand new toy car and you could clearly see he loved his little boy. I liked this scene because it showed Mr. Merrill was a considerate and caring personÃ¢â¬ ¦not a cold, raging beast. In another part of the movie when his friend Red had a sort ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This again showed how he cared for the ones whom he held close, even if they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t there for him during his hard times. Another powerful scene that I liked was at the end of the movie during his hearing. Mr. Merrill came off as a strong man w ho would not back down on his word. He showed that doing things such as holding a meeting about how to end the atomic bomb, does not make one a Communist. He never ratted out any of his friends (despite the fact that at times they wanted to drag his name through the mud). Many peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives were ruined because they were being blamed for things in which they were not guilty of. This lesson can also be seen in the book The Crucible. The search for Communists was much like that in the Salem Massachusetts during the time of the Salem Witch Trials. In this book, much like in Guilty by Suspicion, people were thrown in jail and lives were ruined when they really were NOT guilty. Also, during this time period, you could be accused of being a witch without hardcore evidence, just like in the movie. Another reason they are similar is the fact that Ã¢â¬Å"namesÃ¢â¬ played a major role. The court wanted names of people who attended certain meetings or suspects that could be communist s. The same goes for The Crucible. The people being accused of performing witchcraft were being harshly pressured to give names of other possible witches, or ones who might have been Ã¢â¬Å"seen with the Devil.Ã¢â¬ As you can see, both the movie weShow MoreRelatedAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Technology1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescarry out our everyday lives. For example, when you are standing in a room full of people instead of conversing with others you would take out your phone and engage yourself in this world that you have created. Integrated computers can benefit our daily lives, because it allows us to resurface old information that was part of the old conversation allowing a more personal conversation. The downside of this is that it could also resurface old fights that you might have had. All of these positives or negativesRead MoreRape, Sexual, And Sexual Abuse1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfactor for rape as well. For example, Asian American women assaults may be underrep orted because they feel like it brings shame to the victims and their families to disclose such information to law enforcement. There are certain myths about rape. Reviews of literature revealed which is not a surprise that men are more incline to believe these myths about rape. One of the myths that women act or dress inappropriately. This myth can also vary by ethnicity within women, European Americans being the leastRead MoreAnalysis Of The Film Of Cold Blood 1757 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPerry and dick) but when you read this novel his bias becomes apparent due to his disdain for the death penalty. Shown by pointing out his belief that dick and PerryÃ¢â¬â¢s trial was unfair and unjust it begins with capote pointing out the killers defense lawyers lack of enthusiasm. Dick hickockÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement in the clutter murders began when he solicited PerryÃ¢â¬â¢s help in planning the crimes, so he is the mastermind of this heinous crime and is just as guilty, if not more guilty than Perry. In the novelRead MoreThe Devil s Snare : The Salem Witchcraft Crisis Of 16921814 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesI chose to read In the DevilÃ¢â¬â¢s Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692 for my book review. I chose this book because I have always been fascinated with the Salem Witch Trials and I wanted to learn more information about the trials. The author of this book was Mary Beth Norton, Norton is a professor at Cornell University and from reading her biography on the Cornell website I could tell that she was well versed in the Salem Witch Trials. Norton wrote In the DevilÃ¢â¬â¢s Snare in 2002; in the bookÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreFate and Ignorance in Oedipus Rex Essay2564 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesever-present knowledge that there is a murderer out there. Vincent Badg er describes Oedipus Rex as a mystery play. Showing to the characters on the stage the inexorable unfolding of a truth we knew from the beginning. (Badger, 1). From the very start you know that Oedipus is a supposedly good detective, as he had solved the riddle of the Sphinx years before the play takes place (Daniels and Scully, 17). However, knowing this, one would expect Oedipus to realize that there are many questions that heRead MoreEssay Witchcraft Portrayed in Films6180 Words Ã |Ã 25 Pages141 arrests and 19 executions for the crimes of dabbling in the occult and associating with the Devil. The people involved were not necessarily interested in occult arts in any way, simply being different from the mainstream was enough to arouse suspicion. Quakers and Jews were treated with similar religious prejudice as suspected witches; they faced excommunication from church and rejection in the community in Colonial America. Regardless of all the abuse Witchcraft took over the last severalRead More Video Game Playing Essay2321 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesdirect behavior,) and aggressiveness (typically represented by hostile feelings). A more refined approach is used by the Buss-Durkee Inventory (1957) which has seven major subscales: Assault, Indirect Hostility, Irritability, Negativism, Resentment, Suspicion, and Verbal Hostility. One of the most common personality assessment instruments used to examine the personality dimensions in these studies is the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ; Eysenck Eysenck, 1975) which consists of four scales:Read MoreAbnormal Psychology Terms9960 Words Ã |Ã 40 Pagessomeone with which personality disorder what is over there? asks the child, pointing to a distant object, Does it belong to you? the child asks the therapist. the therapist answers the child in detail, and praises the childs efforts at communication. most likely, the child is receiving whats the big deal? i just dont understand why that matters to you. why cant you just do what i do ? this quote provides evidence that most strongly supports the _____ explanation for antisocial personalityRead MoreThe Shawshank Redemption Essays3087 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesRedemption AQA, the examination board, has asked selected pupils to submit written reports on possible films to be studied for the media section of the GCSE English exam, specifically of the Ã¢â¬Å"The Shawshank RedemptionÃ¢â¬ . Write this review, aiming to show detailed understanding of DarabontÃ¢â¬â¢s themes and techniques, writing in an interesting, thought-provoking way. _______________________________________________ Ã¢â¬Å"I suppose it comes down to a simple choice really, getRead MoreEssay on Stress and Anger6191 Words Ã |Ã 25 Pagesstress and anger and how they relate. But, no matter how many studies are conducted, there will always be the questions about whether or not stress and anger are related. But, I am here to provide the facts on both stress and anger, and then allow you, as the reader, to determine the relationship, because all-in-all, I feel that stress and anger can and cant be related, depending on the circumstance. If psychologists completely understood how stress and fears developed, we would know how to produce
Sunday, December 29, 2019
Regarding the Cosmological Argument The goal of the cosmological argument is to support the claim that God exists as the first cause of the universe. According to Nagel, the argument runs as following: (P1) Every event must have a cause. (P2) If every event must have a cause, event A must have a cause B, which in turn must have a cause C, and so on. (P3) There is no end to this backward progression of causes. (C1) This backward progression of causes will be an infinite series of event. (P4) An infinite series of events is unintelligible and absurd. (P5) The existence of the universe does not result from an unintelligible and absurd process. (P6) The existence of the universe does not result from an infinite series of events. (C2)Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence is not an event, then P1 (Ã¢â¬Å"Every event must have a causeÃ¢â¬ ) does not apply to it and it is not necessary for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence to have a cause, even if it is granted that every event is caused. Thus, NagelÃ¢â¬â¢s argument that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence must have a cause because every event must have a cause is not sound. Although the second part of NagelÃ¢â¬â¢s objection, directed towards the response Ã¢â¬Å"God is self-caused,Ã¢â¬ is reasonable, it contains a small weakness. If God can be Ã¢â¬Å"self-caused,Ã¢â¬ and there is no sufficient reason as to why only God can cause itself to exist, then it is logical to think that the universe can also be self-caused. The weakness of this argument is the difference between God and the universe. The universe consists of all events and is inseparable from them. No event in the universe, so far, has been self-caused, thus many components of the universe demands a cause other than themselves. It is difficult to imagine the universe to be self-caused when so many of its components are not. God, on the other hand, is often thought to exist outside of the universe due to its timelessness. Similar to abstract objects such as numbers, God does not have a temporal location and its existence is not associated with any event. To imagine God to be self-caused do es not involve the same kind of difficulty as imagining the universe to be self-caused, since no part of God demands a cause other thanShow MoreRelatedThe Cosmological Argument643 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Cosmological Argument An important argument to try and prove the existence of God is the Cosmological Argument brought on by observations of the physical universe, made by Saint Thomas Aquinas, a thirteenth century Christian philosopher. The cosmological argument is a result from the study of the cosmos; Aquinas borrows ideas from Aristotle to make this systematically organized argument. AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢ first point begins with the observation that everything is moving. AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢ says that everythingRead MoreClarke s Cosmological Argument On The Existence Of God1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages ClarkeÃ¢â¬â¢s Cosmological argument has been around for multiple centuriesÃ¢â¬âthe purpose of this argument being to try to prove the existence of God. Although this argument sounds validÃ¢â¬âmeaning that Ã¢â¬Å"IF premises 1 and 2 are true, then the conclusion must be trueÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â while many people have accepted this argument, it has also caused a lot of questioning and skepticism, mainly because of what the Cosmological Argument uses to support its argumentÃ¢â¬âthe Principle of Sufficient reason. Before determining whetherRead MoreEssay On Anselm And Aquinas1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesphilosophers Anselm and Aquinas both endeavored to convince their peers through philosophical argument that the existence of God was irrefutable. In the process they made claims regarding the nature of God, concerning issues such as His character and being. Despite seeking to discover the same truth about God, Anselm and Aquinas approached the issue at hand in strikingly dissimilar w ays. AnselmÃ¢â¬â¢s primary argument for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence is found in his literary work Proslogion which seeks to ontologicallyRead MoreThe Question Of God s Existence1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshonest with myself, during many hard times I have questioned Gods existence myself. Arguments that have been used to support the existence of a divine being includes; the cosmological argument and the theological argument. However, there are some who oppose these arguments and philosopher H.J. McCloskey is among this group. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"On Being an AtheistÃ¢â¬ written by H.J. McCloskey, he argues that both these arguments are false and insufficient as it relates to Ã¢â¬Å"proofÃ¢â¬ of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. McCloskeyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article On Being An Atheist 1558 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeen challenged by many philosophers and non-philosophers alike over the years. Arguments that have been used to support the existence of a divine being includes; the cosmologic al argument and the theological argument. However, there are some who oppose these arguments and philosopher H.J. McCloskey is among this group. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"On Being an AtheistÃ¢â¬ written by H.J. McCloskey, he argues that both these arguments are false and insufficient as it relates to Ã¢â¬Å"proofÃ¢â¬ of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. McCloskeyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article On Being An Atheist 1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence has been challenged by many philosophers and non-philosophers alike. Arguments that have been used to support the existence of a divine being includes the cosmological argument and the theological argument. However there are some who oppose these arguments and philosopher H.J. McCloskey is among this group. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"On Being an AtheistÃ¢â¬ written by H.J. McCloskey, he argues that both these arguments are false and insufficient as it relates to Ã¢â¬Å"proofÃ¢â¬ of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. McCloskeyRead MoreQuesti ons On An Argument On The Existence Of A Prime Mover, Or Creator ( Or God )1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPart 1: Clarifying an Argument State the argument you find in Passage 1 in explicit premise-and-conclusion form. PASSAGE 1: (P1) Every event must have a cause. (P2) An infinite series of events is inconceivable. (P3) There must be a first cause. (C1) The first cause must have at least been the originator of the universe. (C2) The first cause is God. PASSAGE 2: NagelÃ¢â¬â¢s Counterargument (P1) Positing the existence of a first cause does not explain away the infinite regressionRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article On Being An Atheist 1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence has been challenged by many philosophers and non-philosophers alike. Arguments that have been used to support the existence of a divine being includes the cosmological argument and the theological argument. However there are some who oppose these arguments and philosopher H.J. McCloskey is among this group. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"On Being an AtheistÃ¢â¬ written by H.J. McCloskey, he argues that both these arguments are false and insufficient as it relates to Ã¢â¬Å"proofÃ¢â¬ of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. McCloskeyRead MoreRegarding The Topic Of Theism, One Must Take Into Consideration1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRegarding the topic of theism, one must take into consideration several factors when justifying or repudiating its reasonableness-- due to its subjective and therefore controversial na ture, it is quite difficult to say precisely whether theism is justified or otherwise. Personally, I am not convinced of either position yet, and as a recently converted Christian (in other words, I am still relatively new to the ideals surrounding western theology) both arguments seem plausible and require furtherRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article On Being An Atheist1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages H. J McCloskey in his article, On Being an Atheist, is trying to show the readers are more reasonable and comfortable belief than that of Christianity. In the article he also puts up an argument concerning two theistic point of which is the cosmological and teleological argument. McCloskey also talks about the problems resulting from all the evil in the world. He goes as far to point out this evil in a world the God had made and blames God for it. Due to that fact and other issues, he believes
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Classical v Human Relations Introduction In this report I will be looking at the pros and cons to a classical style management and the human relations style management. I will then be looking at Ikeas management style and which areas of each management style could be used to improve the performance of the management team and which areas work and should be retained by Ikea. IKEA is a well-known household name. They are an extremely popular business. They sell all kinds of household fittings form; the smallest t-spoon to huge double beds. IKEA first started in the 1940 s in a small farming village in southern Sweden where it was founded by Ingvar Kamprad- when he was 17. IKEA originally sold pens, wallets, picture frames,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦2. Authority. Managers must be able to give orders. Authority gives them this right. Note that responsibility arises wherever authority is exercised. 3. Discipline. Employees must obey and respect the rules that govern the organisation. Good discipline is the result of effective leadership, a clear understanding between management and workers regarding the organisation s rules, and the judicious use of penalties for infractions of the rules. 4. Unity of command. Every employee should receive orders from only one superior. 5. Unity of direction. Each group of organisational activities that have the same objective should be directed by one manager using one plan. 6. Subordination of individual interests to the general interest. The interests of any one employee or group of employees should not take precedence over the interests of the organisation as a whole. 7. Remuneration. Workers must be paid a fair wage for their services. 8. Centralisation. Centralisation refers to the degree to which subordinates are involved in decision making. Whether decision making is centralised (to management) or decentralised (to subordinates) is a question of proper proportion. The task is to find the optimum degree of centralisation for each situation. 9. Scalar chain. The line of authority from top management to the lowest ranks represents the scalar chain. Communications should follow this chain. However, if following the chain createsShow MoreRelatedEvaluating The Management Thinking, Compare And Contrast Humanistic And Classical Perspectives Of Management Essay1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Introduction Management practices and perspectives vary in response to social, political and economic forces in our society. When time passes, managers adopted different management perspectives to help their organisation cope with environment turbulence or changes. The importance for human being to comprehend the importance of management perspectives is to help each organisations achieve their goals by improving workersÃ¢â¬â¢ productivity and efficiency as well as keeping the organisationsRead MoreClassical Management Theory And The Classical Theory1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Classical Management Theory entered the business world in the early nineteenth century, with an emphasis on increasing worker productivity. Developed by Frederick Taylor, the classical theory of management advocated a scientific study of tasks and the workers responsible for them. It was the foundation of many modern management theories and it aimed to improve operations within an organization. The Classical Management Theory was broken into three schools of thinking: Scientific management, whichRead MoreCritically Evaluate the Relevance of the Contingency Approach to Managing on the Managerial Work of the Manager You Interviewed.1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontingency approach to managing on the managerial work of the manager you interviewed. Jane Smith is the Director of Human Resources and Operations of a mid-sized (approx. 700 staff), ASX listed, insurance and wealth management firm Ã¢â¬â XYZ Wealth (pseudonyms have been used to respect the privacy of both the HRD and the firm involved). XYZ Wealth operates across Australia, with the management team based in Melbourne. Jane directly leads a team of seven HR and communication employees and five operationsRead MoreOrganizational Studies And Management Essay1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Assessment No 1 Individual Essay Dispatched by and prepared for: HRM3008 Organisational Change B.A (Hons) Business and Management (Cohort 5) October 2014 Module Submitted By: Kavita Dhawan (UON ID 14439311) INTRODUCTION Management has been proficient a long time period. Organized endeavors focused by people accountable for planning, organizing, leading, and controlling undertakings have occurred for thousands of yearsRead MoreThe Classical Theory Of Management Theory1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Classical Management theory entered the business world in the early nineteenth century, with a goal on increasing worker productivity. Developed by Frederick Taylor, the classical theory of management advocated a scientific study of jobs and the workers in charge for them. It was the foundation of modern management theories and it aimed to improve operations within an organization. (Robbins Cutler, 2014). The Classical Management Theory was broken into three categories: Scientific ManagementRead MoreEssay about Classical vs Human Relations Approaches to Management1813 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMANAGEMENT ESSAY INTRODUCTION This essay compares and contrasts the Ã¢â¬Å"ClassicalÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Human RelationsÃ¢â¬ approaches to management. It focuses on how these approaches are similar and compatible and looks at their differences and incompatibilities. It then explores how systems theory and contingency theory can reconcile the incompatibilities between the approaches. The essay is structured as follows. First, the essay shall explain the nature of the Ã¢â¬Å"ClassicalÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Human RelationsÃ¢â¬ approaches toRead MoreManagement Thoughts and Theories1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMANAGEMENT THOUGHTS AND THEORIES The industrial revolution, which began in Europe in mid-1700s, was the starting point for the development of management concepts and theories. PRECLASSICAL CONTRIBUTORS TO MANAGENENT THOUGHT Name Period Contribution Robert Owen 1771- 1858 Proposed legislative reforms to improve working conditions of labor Charles Babbage 1792-1871 Advocated the concept of Ãâdivision of labor; devised a profit-sharing plan which led to the modern-day Scanlon Plan AndrewRead MoreNeoclassical Organizational Theory: An Overview536 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesWar II. In a way, it could be viewed as reactionary to the classical organizational theory which developed earlier in the twentieth century as industry exploded. The rise of classical organizational theories had emphasized the organization as the machine and the workers as the gears (Yang, Liu, Wang, 2013). Once employee education improved and productivity developed, then the strict, rigid, and mechanical approach of the classical theories began to create problems (Yang et al., 2013). ThusRead MoreManagement School of Thought1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesManagement School of Thought:Ã During the present century, certain schools of management thought have developed. Each school reflects the problems of the period during which they were popular. Herold Koontz was the first who have attempted to classify the various approaches on the management in the schools of management theory. Based on the wr itings of some of the scholars and Koontz, the management thoughts, have been classified in the following schools of management theory. a) Management ProcessRead MoreManagement748 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessucceed in management. In order to succeed in this competitive environment manager must have good people skills. Management Functions Planning / organizing / Leading and controlling Management roles Interpersonal : - Figurehead, leader , liaison Informational : - Monitor , spokesperson , disseminator Decisional : -Entrepreneur , Disturbance handler , recourse allocator Management Skills Technical / conceptual / Human skills Effective vs Successful manager Traditional management / networking
Friday, December 13, 2019
1) When Marji was inventing torture games, she was merely a product of the war environment. Marji lived in an environment surrounded by violence, anger, and most importantly war. She is a young girl and during school she invented a game where the loser would be punished with war punishments. We will write a custom essay sample on 5 Claims Revised and Developed or any similar topic only for you Order Now Some of these punishments included the Ã¢â¬Å"mouth filled with garbageÃ¢â¬ method or the twisted arm method. While most kids may know the difference in right and wrong, Marji grew up in an area where she had no choice but to be brainwashed by society and the war. She heard about war tactics from her Uncle Anouche, she saw the violence on the streets, and she even saw dead bodies. Most young children only see those things on movies and video games, and even then they can be negatively affected. However, for a child to see these things daily she can only assume it is the norm. Marji was psychologically affected by the war and her environment, which led her to believe the terrible things she saw were normal, and thus it resulted in her being a product of her environment. 2) Marji chases and wants to attack Ramine. Ramine symbolizes the war, and Marji attacking him symbolizes Marji wanting to put an end to war. To Marji, Ramine symbolized the war, the evil, and all the conflicts in her country. Marji discovered that RamineÃ¢â¬â¢s father killed people, which lead Marji into a rage. Marji chased after Ramine with nails between her fingers wanting to hurt him for what his father had done. She had no reason to be mad at Ramine because he had not killed anyone. However, she began to realize that the war was constantly showing up in her life and affecting her life. She was filled with anger, and she longed for the war and violence to be over. When she was trying to put an end to Ramine, symbolically she was trying to put an end to the war. 3) The torture game Marji invents shows her strong desire for power. In a country where no one has any power, Marji longs to have power. She devises a game at school where the loser gets punished with torture methods like the Ã¢â¬Å"mouth filled with garbageÃ¢â¬ method and the twisted arm method. She comes up with this idea because she sees the people in the war who have power use violence to gain that power. Although it is wrong to gain power that way, Marji has such a strong desire for power that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care what she has to do to earn it. Marji ends up feeling so powerful that after school she stares at herself in the mirror and her reflection shows herself with devil horns. This demonstrates that not only does Marji want power, but she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care if the power comes with being evil. 4) By attempting to attack Ramine with nails, Marji believes violence is the way to obtain justice for what RamineÃ¢â¬â¢s father did. When Marji found out that RamineÃ¢â¬â¢s father killed people, she immediately wanted to obtain justice. She wanted the evil people to face the consequences and be punished. She rallied up her friends and they all put nails between their fingers and chased after Ramine. Marji could have gained justice a different way. She could have talked to RamineÃ¢â¬â¢s father, but instead she chose violence. Marji chose this method because throughout the war they try to gain justice through violence. She heard of war tactics like the twisted arm method, and she knew those methods caused pain. She knew those tactics caused so much pain that they eventually caused regret in a person whose done wrong. Since Marji believed Ramine and his family had done wrong, she believed to gain justice she needed violence to do so. 5) Marji chasing after Ramine is simply a way for Marji to distract herself from her self-conflicting battles. Marji chases after Ramine with nails between her fingers. Although she claims she does it because RamineÃ¢â¬â¢s father was evil, the true reason she did it is because she needed a distraction from her own conflicting battles. Marji struggles daily with who she is, how she identifies herself, and where she wants to be in life. Ramine, although young and highly affected by his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s opinions, he knows who he wants to be, and he defends his father even though Marji and her friends are threatening him. Marji, on the other hand, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know where she wants to be, and she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know where she belongs. She fights battles with herself and that causes a lot of built up anger and frustration. MarjiÃ¢â¬â¢s only solution was to take out her frustration on someone who she unknowingly is jealous of, which happened to be Ramine because he knows exactly what he believes in. How to cite 5 Claims Revised and Developed, Papers
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Economics of Innovation for Identities Shape. Answer: Introduction Food and beverage manufacturing industry in Australia is the largest contributor to the countries` GDP. The industry constitutes about a third of all the countrys entire manufacturing sector. Products and resources in this industry are some of the products whose demand and supply keeps changing regularly. The changes in demand and supply of products in this sector have a very big impact of the stability of the economy in general (Arnold, 2010) In economics, demand is defined as the amount of goods or services that a given person is willing and capable of purchasing at the prevailing price and at that particular time (Bannered and Duflo,2011).This means that for demand to occur, the person must be both willing and capable of buying no that particular good or service. The increase in exports in the food and beverage industry in the country is an indication of increase in demand of the products in other countries. Supply is defined as the amount of goods or services that a producer of a certain good or service are willing and able to deliver to the market at the prevailing prices at that particular time. Willing to sell without the capability cannot qualify as demand and vice versa. The above statistics make prove that the industry is depended upon by very many people in the country. For this reason, it is important to explore the factors that drive demand and supply of goods in this industry. The essay discusses the factors that influence how much producers are willing and capable of delivering to the market as well as the amount buyers are willing and capable of purchasing at a given market price. An example of a resource that is used in the production of foods is the wheat and barley. According to the Australia Food and Grain report, the demand for wheat in Australia in the year 2016 was about 28 million metric tonnes.The supply for wheat in Australia was about 24 million metric tons. This means that there was a shortage in the country since the demand of the product exceeded the supply. Another resource that is commonly used in food manufacturing is barley. The production of wheat for the year 2016 in Australia was 8.5 million MT. There was a very slight change from the previous year when production was at 8.45 million MT. The yield per hectare was estimated to be around 2.0 MT. The demand for barley in Australia is less than the supply. This explains why the country exported 6 million metric tons of barley in the year 2016. The major factor affecting the demand of a resource or a particular good or service is the price (Russel, 2014). This is the basic determinant of demand and supply of any resource. This is what brought about the law of demand and supply. The price elasticity of any resource will determine the extent to which a unit change in price will affect the demand of the product. The following are the factors apart from price that might have caused the changes in demand of the above products; Consumers taste and preferences is also an important factor that determines the level of demand of a particular good. When consumers tastes and preferences match with what supply in the market, the demand for product will increase. If the tastes of the consumer do not match what the producers offer, the demand for the product will be low. Changes in tastes and preferences of a consumer change with time depending on factors such as fashion and the effects of advertisement. Tastes and preferences on goods such as wheat may result from health and nutritional concerns of the consumer. Another important factor affecting demand is the level of incomes of consumers. Rise in consumer incomes increases demand for products while a reduction in consumer incomes lowers their demand for products. This law however applies to normal goods only. Increase in income will increase the demand for a product by increasing the amount of disposable income. This will in turn improve the purchasing power of a consumer meaning that he/she will tend to consume more of the product. For example the increase of incomes for will increase their purchasing power which means they consume more beer. Increase in demand for beer will in turn cause the demand for barley to increase (Akerlof and Kranton, 2010). Changes in prices of related goods will also affect the demand for products that are consumed together. These products are referred to as complementary goods. Increase in price of one product will reduce its demand and therefore the demand of the other product will also increase. The number of consumers of a product in a particular market will affect the demand of that product. When the numbers of the people who consume a product increase, the demand of the product will also rise. The decrease in the number of people consuming a particular product will result to a decline in demand (Swann, 2009). The supply of any product is determined by the many different factors such as Seasonality in production. This mostly applies to goods which are seasonal in nature such that when its the pick season, the supply will be high and when it is off season, supply will reduce. Another factor that determines supply is the expected rise or fall of prices of a product in future. When suppliers expect the price to rise, they will hold their goods waiting for prices to increase hence increases in supply. Expected fall in prices will increase the supply in the short run. The cost of production is another very important determinant of supply. When per unit costs of production are high, producers will produce less hence the supply will decline. Low costs of production will mean higher profits margins for producers hence leading to a rise in demand (Eisenstein, 2011). Other factors that determine the supply of a product are technology, government policy and price of related goods. Conclusion The supply and demand of a particular product varies from time to time and from place to place depending on different factors. The factors that affect the level of demand and supply of a product ranging from price will determine whether there is surplus, shortage or equilibrium state. Factors affecting demand and supply in one industry may not affect the same in another. An example is that weather affects the production of agricultural product but does not affect the supply of cement in the market. Changes in consumer tastes and preferences have also had tremendous impact on level of demand and supply of a given product. This calls for producers to stay in touch with the changing trends in order to maintain high demand for their products. References: Eisenstein, Charles. Sacred Economics: Money, Gift, Society in the Age of Transition. Berkeley, Calif: Evolver Editions, 2011. Internet resource. Arnold, Roger A. Economics. Australia: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2010. Print. Banerjee, Abhijit V, and Esther Duflo. Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty. New York: PublicAffairs, 2011. Print. Russel, . The Economics of the Roman Stone Trade. Corby: Oxford University Press, 2014. Print. Akerlof, George A, and Rachel E. Kranton. Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, and Well-Being. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010. Internet resource. Samuelson, Paul A, and William D. Nordhaus. Economics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill, 2010. Print. Swann, G M. P. The Economics of Innovation: An Introduction. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2009. Internet resource.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Stage in the Lifespan by Expert Lilliana | 23 Dec 2016 Young adulthood has become an increasingly difficult time in the lives of humans that find themselves too old to be considered children and too young to be taken seriously as adults. Tweens, teens, and college age people are no longer completely dismissed by culture, as the purchasing power of children ages nine to fourteen has increased to become a force to be reckoned with and society sometimes seems to cater to their sensibilities. With so much information continuously coming at them through the internet, the television, magazines and movies, young adults often have trouble finding the path for which they are best suited, and many find themselves victimized by sexually transmitted diseases and crime. Because it is such a confusing time in the life of humans, young adults simply try to learn about adulthood while enjoying the last carefree days of youth. Need essay sample on "Stage in the Lifespan" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The first thing that must be addressed when discussing young adults is their burgeoning sexuality. Biologically, young adults are either reaching or already in their sexual maturity, when hormones are raging often beyond their control. The question of teenage sexual activity is one that may be misleading, due in large part to the evolution of society and its more relaxed attitude toward sex. Less than a century ago, it was routine for teenagers to get married and begin families fresh out of high school. However, now that education is considered something that requires many years if a person expects to succeed in society, the cycle of marriage, sex, and starting families has also been postponed until much later in life. So, when teens reach biological maturity and begin to feel sexual urges, they experiment and often subject themselves to terrible consequences such as unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease. The overwhelming and often tragic figures that explore teenage sexuality are hard to ignore. Compared to older adults, adolescents between the ages of ten and nineteen are at higher risk for acquiring STDs for a number of reasons, including limited access to preventive and regular health care and physiologically increased susceptibility to infection (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2005). And among these young sexually active teens, minorities and teenage girls have been particularly hard hit by HIV/AIDS. Young African Americans represented 65% of AIDS cases reported among 13-19 year olds in 2002, suggesting that they are less likely to practice safe sex than white teenagers. Latino teens represented 20% of new AIDS cases, and in 2002, girls represented 51% of HIV cases reported among 13-19 year olds, compared to 30% of cases reported among people over age 25 that same year (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2005). These figures suggest a problem that is difficult to curb. Current sexual education is not nearly adequate enough to deal with the trends. Most teenagers are skeptical by nature, as well as inpidualistic when it comes to being told what to do, and the standard line of abstaining is not practical and does not work. Abstinence vows may work for some teens, but are largely nothing more than lip service. Teens have simply become more adept at avoiding pregnancy and retaining their abstinence, including abandoning the practice of vaginal sex and opting for oral or anal sex. Many teenage girls feel that unless the sex they have is vaginal, they are still technically virgins. This goes to show that the moral and religious leaders that push for sexual education are merely confusing the issue rather than illuminating it. While some teens are at higher risk for sexual activity, including those that have been abused or use drugs and alcohol, all teens experience raging hormones and sexual impulses. It is a mistake to expect a denial of their human impulses, so an intelligent compromise must be reached regarding teenage sex. Whether this involves more sexual education from a young age that is informative rather than dogmatic, or changing society to allow teens to pursue valuable relationships instead of merely focusing on school and future careers, teenage sexuality must be addressed and dealt with in an honest and effective way. In addition to sex, teens also experience many difficulties with alcohol. Debate continues in the medical community as to whether alcoholism is a physical or psychological disease, but the connection between alcohol and mental health is undeniable. Because of the cavalier attitude the United States takes towards alcohol consumption, the stresses that come with everyday life in the fast-paced modern world that encourage chemical solutions, and the overwhelming statistical evidence suggesting that alcoholism is a national epidemic, alcohol abuse resembles a mass mental health problem that can only be curbed through therapy and education. And, this problem is intensified when it concerns teenagers. While alcohol consumption is illegal for teenagers, that fact does little to curb teenage drinking. Teens drink whether authorities and parents like it or not, and the problem leads to many problems beyond just breaking the law, and can significantly impact their education and their future. As a highly powerful drug, alcohol may not receive the professional medical endorsement as some pharmaceuticals, nor contain the powerful anesthetizing characteristics of many illegal narcotics, but its cost and ease of availability makes it a popular drug for millions of American teens. According to a survey released by the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, it was found that by the time the states teenagers reach their senior year in high school, more than 80% of them admit to having some experience with alcohol (Westbrook, 2007). The same study also found that most of the students consider it easy to get alcohol. The fact that Texas is a zero tolerance state for underage drinking exemplifies the futility of current methods of trying to keep teenagers away from alcohol, which usually include nothing more than a repetitive mandate telling them not to drink. It would seem that the only remedy to alcohol abuse in society is through better education and programs designed to counter the overwhelmingly supportive stance taken on alcohol by current social organizations. In addition to providing such information, prevention programs should teach inpiduals about the role that alcohol expectancies play in regard to heavy and abusive drinking, and help restructure expectancies among abusive or potentially abusive drinkers (Frone, et al., 1993, p. 556). By convincing more people that alcohol cannot truly eradicate or alleviate their problems, and in fact make their problems worse, mental health professionals stand a better chance of discouraging inpiduals from participating in future alcohol abuse. However, unlike many health issues, professionals must compete with an industry that spends billions of dollars a year to attract consumers. Alcohol abuse has been and continues to be a mental health epidemic in the United States, encouraged by a society largely accepting of alcohol use and the many stresses of school and home life that drive people to seek alcoholic therapy. Alcoholism can even impact the aspirations of a young adult, like John. Even though John was a freshman, he was a starter on the varsity volleyball and basketball teams. He was offended when he failed to make the varsity football team, but while he thought he should have made the varsity team as a freshman, the coach explained how all freshmen had to play on the freshman team. John proved the coach wrong by midseason and was starting as a running back on varsity by the fifth game. John was one of the few freshmen in the state to make all-conference in three sports, and he even began to attract the attention of multiple colleges. Johns popularity in school grew with every athletic victory, and girls did not escape his attention. Soon, John was engaging in promiscuous sex and partying with the upperclassmen. While this did not seem to affect his performance on the playing field, as John had an equally impressive sophomore year, and continued to enjoy his success socially and athletically. However, when John was drinking with friends one weekend, he broke h is ankle in a drunk-driving accident. He had to drop out of football entirely his junior year because he could barely walk, let alone play. He had a huge cast on my ankle and had to walk with crutches for months. When volleyball and basketball began, he was still rehabbing my ankle and working with physical therapists to try to strengthen it enough to endure the stresses of continuous jumping. This made him miss considerable time, and his sophomore season was nothing like he had imagined the year before, and the scouts stopping showing up and calling. He continued to drink and party, though was also severely depressed. However, he continued conditioning, doing physical therapy, and he planned on making his senior year the one that would finally allow him to shine athletically and hopefully attract enough attention from colleges to get scholarships. However, John once again injured himself while drinking, this time breaking his wrist while on a dare. This in effect not only ended Johns athletic aspirations for his senior year, but also prevented him from getting into any college on a scholarship. Because John spent so much time playing sports and partying, Johns academics were anything but stellar, and college was difficult for him to get into. The last report on John was that he was living in the same town with his parents and had no job or aspirations, but still partied all the time with his friends. If it were not for alcohol early in Johns young adulthood, there is no telling how far he might have gotten, if only to get the chance to go to college and truly begin his education. The trials and tribulations of young adulthood are enough to deal with without being inundated by confusing messages that are constantly bombarding young adults. Sexual experimentation, youth drinking, and lost dreams of irresponsible teens are only the most extreme examples of young adult behavior. What cannot be discounted are the millions of young adults that are responsible and become upstanding and contributing members of society. The only difference between the young adults that do well in adulthood to those that do not is the quality of the education they receive. And, the education that young adults receive is the responsibility not only of themselves, but also the adults from which they learn. REFERENCES Frone, M. R., Russell, M., and Cooper, M. L. (1993, November). Relationship of Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Alcohol Expectancies to Alcohol Use/Abuse. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 14, No. 6; pp. 545-558. Kaiser Family Foundation. (January 2005). U.S. Teen Sexual Activity. Retrieved July 14, 2008 Westbrook, S. (2007, June 6). Alcohol, Kid can be Shattering Mix. Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Retrieved July 14, 2008